Quick Answer: What Is Rheumatic Heart Disease

Can you live a long life with heart disease?

Simply put, if you take care of yourself and make the necessary changes, you can live a long, full life in spite of your heart disease diagnosis.

It could add years, even decades, to your life.

On the other hand, if you pursue a high-risk lifestyle you could find yourself in serious trouble..

What are the 4 stages of heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

What is the treatment of rheumatic heart disease?

Antibiotic therapy has sharply reduced the incidence and mortality rate of rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease. To reduce inflammation, aspirin, steroids, or non-steroidal medications may be given. Surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the damaged valve.

What are the complications of rheumatic heart disease?

Some complications of rheumatic heart disease include:Heart failure. This can occur from either a severely narrowed or leaking heart valve.Bacterial endocarditis. This is an infection of the inner lining of the heart. … Complications of pregnancy and delivery due to heart damage. … Ruptured heart valve.

Can heart disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries.

What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?

The symptoms of heart valve problems – which are often the result of rheumatic heart disease – can include:chest discomfort or pain.irregular or rapid heartbeats (heart palpitations)shortness of breath.fatigue or weakness.light-headedness, dizziness or near fainting.swelling of the stomach, feet, or ankles.

How long can you live with rheumatic heart disease?

The relative survival was 96.9% (95% CI 96.1–97.5%) at one year and 81.2% (95% CI 79.2–83.0%) at five years (S3 Fig). The risk of death among RHD/ARF patients increased with age over and above background rates; there was also increased risk for both male and iTaukei patients (S4 Table).

Is RHD preventable?

ARF and RHD are preventable diseases RHD is a preventable and treatable disease. It is common in low- and middle-income countries (Wyber 2014, Webb, 2015), and only in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations in high-income countries.

How is rheumatic heart disease caused?

Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which permanent damage to heart valves is caused by rheumatic fever. The heart valve is damaged by a disease process that generally begins with a strep throat caused by bacteria called Streptococcus, and may eventually cause rheumatic fever.

Who is at risk for rheumatic heart disease?

Who is at risk for rheumatic heart disease? Untreated or under-treated strep infections can increase the risk for rheumatic heart disease. Children who get repeated strep throat infections are at the most risk for rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease.

How long can you live with rheumatic fever?

Symptoms usually pass within a few months but can last up to 2 years. They are not normally permanent. Other symptoms include a red, blotchy, skin rash, which appears in 1 in 10 cases. Less common are nosebleeds, abdominal pain, bumps and lumps, or nodules, under the skin, and a high fever over 102 degrees Fahrenheit.

What foods should be avoided with heart disease?

What foods should you avoid with coronary heart disease?butter.gravy.non-dairy creamers.fried foods.processed meats.pastries.certain cuts of meat.junk foods, like potato chips, cookies, pies, and ice cream.

Is rheumatic heart disease permanent?

Rheumatic heart disease is a condition that causes permanent damage to the heart valves. It can develop after a child has rheumatic fever.

Is rheumatic heart disease hereditary?

It is not clear why some people who are infected with group A Streptococcus bacteria go on to develop rheumatic fever, while others do not; however, it appears that some families may have a genetic susceptibility to develop the condition.

How is rheumatic heart disease prevented?

Ideally, ARF and RHD can be prevented. Antibiotic therapy (such as penicillin) to treat Group A Streptococcus throat infection can dramatically reduce the risk of ARF and its complication, rheumatic heart disease. If ARF or RHD do occur, long-term antibiotics can reduce progression to more severe disease.